This section collects and re-organizes the teaching & learning materials and OERs produced during the ENEPLAN project, in order to provide a guidance and a reference structure for HE courses on concept mapping applied to energy planning.

The model includes a general introduction to concept mapping and six different sections, exploring the various domains in which c-maps can be fruitfully used to form the multidisciplinary knowledge and skills required for effective and sustainable integrated energy planning.

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What is a concept map?

A “concept map” is a diagram and a graphical tool depicting concepts and their relationships. It can be used in any sector or discipline in order to organise ideas and structure knowledge. Concepts are represented as boxes or circles and are mutually connected through arrows, creating a branched and hierarchical structure. A concept map is different from a mind map, which is a simpler tool usually focusing around a central concept and used for brainstorming, visual thinking, memorisation and problem solving. It is also different from a flow chart, which represents a workflow or a process and is used for illustrating a solution model for a given problem. Concept mapping entails a series of meaningful connections between concepts, where each couple of concepts and their connection should preferably make sense on its own even if extrapolated from the whole. The concept mapping technique was firstly developed in the 1970s and, subsequently, has been increasingly used as a means to convey and increase “meaningful learning”, which is a type of learning where the new knowledge is acquired starting from the learner’s previous knowledge.


* The Concept mapping tutorials linked in this sectionareshort open source videos prepared within the framework of the Erasmus Plus project CARE - Empowering Climate Resilience.

How to build a concept map?

A concept map can be developed through the following steps:

  • definition of the “focus question”, which serves to define the topic to be described;
  • listing of the concepts related to the focus question;
  • the initial concepts usually represent the mapper’s previous knowledge;
  • definition of the connections between the concepts, using meaningful linking phrases;
  • if necessary, definition of “domains”: groups of concepts pertaining to the same field, sector, or discourse;
  • if appropriate, creation of “nested nodes”: sets of concepts and their connections, helping to define a hierarchy within the map;
  • if necessary, addition of new concepts, reorganisation of the map, and creation of additional “cross links” connecting different sectors of the map or different nested nodes; this is usually the moment when the new knowledge is acquired and the method unfolds its potential.


* The Concept mapping tutorials linked in this section are short open source videos prepared within the framework of the Erasmus Plus project CARE - Empowering Climate Resilience.

The Cmap software and Cloud

The project partnership has chosen the Cmap free software for supporting the project activities. Cmap has been developed by the Florida Institution of Human & Machine Cognition (IHMC). To know more about Cmap, please visit the official Cmap website.

ENEPLAN partners also chose to use C-map Cloud, a free centralized web-based platform to access, store and share C-maps and related resources and materials. The C-map Cloud allows the quick sharing of the C-maps, gives the possibility to introduce annotations and comments on the uploaded C-maps, and allows users to work together on the same C-map, enhancing collaborative leaning and knowledge sharing. The C-map Cloud hosts the web-based version of the CmapTools software.



The exercise has the objective to encourage learners to make the most of what they already know on the topic of energy planning, by identifying relevant concepts and connecting them with meaningful linking phrases.

  • ALMEE (LB):
    • TSBC: A Building Energy Simplified Software -A Compliance Tool for the Thermal Standard Building code for Lebanon
    • Green Recovery And Sustainable Solutions (GRASS) - A New Building Rating System for Mediterranean  Region
  • ASU (EG):
    • The Solar Water Heating System Facility in Egypt for Hotels
    • Renewable Energy (Photovoltaic and Wind) Feed-in Tariff (FiT) Projects in Egypt
  • AUB (LB):
    • NEEAP 2011-2015—National Energy Efficiency Action Plan for Lebanon
    • CEDRO – Country Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Demonstration Project for the Recovery of Lebanon
  • BAU (JO):
    • Renewable Energy Sources (RES) Projects and their barriers on regional scale - The case study of wind parks in the Dodecanese islands, Greece
    • H2RES, Energy planning tool for island energy systems - The case of the Mljet island
  • JUST (JO):
    • Eco house - A residential low energy house model
    • The Mobile Energy and Environment Clinic (MEEC)
  • MIEMA (MT):
    • MER - Marketing and Governing Innovative Industrial Areas. Local Action Plan
    • EcoGozo
  • PSUT (JO):
    • RES Funding Program in Industry
    • Solar Process Steam for RAM Pharma Factory in Sahab-Amman
  • ROMA TRE (IT):
    • Reggio Emilia County Plan
    • Lazio Regional Landscape Plan
  • RSS/NERC (JO):
    • Making Sahab City Green
    • Energy conservation for central bank of Jordan
  • UALG (PT):
    • Wind Generated Electricity in Portugal as part of the E4 plan and beyond
    • Implementing the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive in Portugal (EPBD) –Energy Performance Certificates
  • UJ (JO):
    • Solar Cafeteria at the University of Jordan
    • The Embassy Building of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
  • UNICAM (IT):
    • Wind farm planning in central Apennines
    • Suitability study aimed at planning a wood-energy chain
  • UNISI (IT):
    • Biowaste4SP – Turning biowaste into sustainable products in developing countries
    • REGES Project: evaluation and ISO 14064-1 validation of the greenhouse gas emission reduction in the Province of Siena”
  • UOP (JO):
    • Petra University on-grid PV Solar System
    • Coproducing Green Communities Workshop and Publication
  • UPO (ES):
    • Energy Strategy of Andalusia
    • City energy plans (SEAPs)
  • ZC (EG):
    • Wind energy potential in Egypt (El Zafarana Power Plant)
    • Energy Crisis in Egyptian Cement Sector: Problem and Solutions

Go the Downloads section to take a look at the presentations.

Output 1.2.b of ENEPLAN project collects 36 case studies from 7 countries regarding energy planning practices: wide scale plans or strategies (at national or regional level), Action plans or local/thematic strategies, studies, research projects, and international cooperation initiatives, incentives schemes, building codes, framework programs and other mechanisms and tools to promote energy efficiency and the diffusion of RES, and pilot projects involving wind power, solar power and passive systems.

Learners are requested to choose a case study regarding energy planning (out of a selection made available by the teacher) and to describe its premises, processes and results through a concept map.

Output 1.2.c of ENEPLAN project collects 36 scientific papers regarding energy planning selected by partner organizations.

Learners are requested to choose a scientific paper on energy issues (out of those already selected by the teacher) and to describe its main assumptions, reasoning and conclusions through a concept map.

The ENEPLAN project identified five aspects to be taken into account and integrated when designing energy policies and plans: Environmental assessment, Renewable energy technologies, Life Cycle Assessment methods, Geographical Information Systems, and Innovation, applied research in renewable energy and relationships with SMEs.  

Each aspect was the subject of a thematic workshop, during which partners gave presentations on relevant case studies/good practices and worked on the development of a thematic concept map, aimed at investigating and describing such aspects.

A final workshop on Energy transitions for sustainability produced another inter-sectoral concept map, attempting to incorporate and integrate the knowledge acquired so far.

Download the C-Map Tools application to view the C-Maps: https://cmap.ihmc.us/cmaptools/.

In order to view the complete c-map, when opening it with C-map Tools software, please select "Tools" and "Validate and Fix Links" from the toolbar located at the top of the screen. In the pop-up window, click on "Search and fix" and then on "OK" when the search is complete.


Resources (more will come soon):

Learners are requested to:

1) define the main physical, environmental and socio-economic features of the area (real or fictional) that will represent the object of the energy planning process;

2) set up and describe a plausible energy programme/plan for this area through a concept map, answering the main focus question: "How do we design, assess, manage and monitor an energy programme/plan for the area?"



The ENEPLAN project designed a basic concept map on energy planning (C-map 1.0), trying to highlight the main concepts and issues which influence and drive it (and which should be therefore integrated to develop more effective and sustainable policies,plans, programmes and projects) as well as to explore their mutual interconnections and interdependencies.

This basic concept map was then developed during the course of the project and evolved in a C-map 2.0, embedding and systematizing all the knowledge and information gained through the partners’ presentations, the practical exercises and the work on thematic c-maps carried out during the project implementation.

The improved Cmap 2.0 can give an important contribution to:

  • the definition of a systematic, theoretical and operational framework concerning the relations between RES development, energy planning, spatial planning and environmental and landscape sustainability.
  • the development of capacities for managing complex information related to RES development in environmentally sensitive areas.
  • the conception of strategic interventions which are effective both from the technological and environmental points of view.

Download the C-Map Tools application to view the C-Maps: https://cmap.ihmc.us/cmaptools/.

In order to view the complete c-map, when opening it with C-map Tools software, please select "Tools" and "Validate and Fix Links" from the toolbar located at the top of the screen. In the pop-up window, click on "Search and fix" and then on "OK" when the search is complete.